german imams 311.
(photo credit: AP)
Ahmed Sami spoke only Arabic when he moved from Morocco to Germany eight years ago to work as an imam. During his Friday prayer services at a mosque in western Germany, he soon noticed that many of the listeners could not understand him.
"The children and teenagers don't speak a lot of Arabic anymore," the 31-year-old imam said. "German is their native language."
Now Sami's part of a pilot program at the University of Osnabrueck that started this week to train imams — not only in the German language but also to steer them to preach about Islam in a way consistent with Germany's democratic values and religious tolerance.
It comes at a time of growing concern about some young German Muslims becoming radicalized in extremist mosques and turning to terrorism. This month's terror alert in Europe was sparked by information provided by a German radical of Afghan descent who had been captured by U.S. forces in Afghanistan.
"We need imams who are socialized and at home in Germany," said Rauf Ceylan, a professor for Islamic religious education and one of the founders of the new program in Osnabrueck, in northwestern Germany. "They influence the religious orientation of Muslims in Germany, they have a big impact on whether young Muslims will practice a tolerant, conservative or extremist version of Islam."
Other European countries have been taking new measures as well. In
France, which has a Muslim population of at least five million, the
Catholic University of Paris began courses to train French imams in
2008; several imams have been expelled in recent years for what was
deemed dangerous teaching.
Experts say the new German academic initiative is much needed. So far,
over 90 percent of the more than 2,000 imams in Germany barely speak any
German. Most come from Turkey and only stay here for a couple of years
before going back home. Due to the language barrier, these foreign-sent
imams can't interact with younger community members and they are also
not aware of the specific problems the 4.3 million Muslims in Germany
deal with on an everyday basis.
Imams hold key positions within the immigrant communities. Just like
pastors or rabbis they deliver religious guidance, but they are also the
first contact point for parents' worries when the children don't
perform well in school, they mediate in marital disputes or get involved
in cultural clashes with the Christian majority in Germany.
Later this week, the federal government is expected to announce the
establishment of up to three new university departments for Islamic
studies in Germany that will include several new professorships. The
goal is to educate a new generation of imams and school teachers for
Islamic religious instructions who believe and teach that western values
and Islam are compatible.
"We need mosques that are transparent, in order to create an atmosphere
of trust," among Germans and Muslim immigrants, the integration minister
of Lower-Saxony, Aygul Ozkan, said at the opening ceremony in
Osnabrueck earlier this week. Ozkan, a daughter of Turkish immigrants
herself, said in order to create this transparency, it was essential
that more imams learn the language and also preach in German.
The curriculum includes a visit to the German parliament in Berlin, a
meeting with a rabbi at a synagogue in Osnabrueck and several classes by
The Osnabrueck imam training will cost the public euro300,000 ($418,000)
to fund through 2013. Starting in 2012, the university is also going to
offer a three-year bachelor degree program for imams. The university
has long made religious instructions an academic focus and also offers
Protestant and Catholic educational courses.
Demand for better education of imams in Germany seems high. When
Osnabrueck university earlier this year first announced its plans to
offer the imam training, more than 90 people applied.
"Initially, we only wanted to admit 15 students," said Bulent Ucar,
another professor for Islamic studies in Osnabrueck. "But when we saw
how huge the interest was, we decided to double the number of students."
While all of the students currently enrolled live and work in Germany
already, their background is diverse. There are Arabs, Turks and
Bosnians, Sunnis and Shiites. Some moved here only recently while others
were born and raised in the country. Among the 30 students there are
also four women who are working as counselors or youth workers in
mosques across Germany.