Erdogan and Sarkozy R 311.
(photo credit: REUTERS/Umit Bektas)
PARIS/ANKARA - France sparked a major diplomatic row with Turkey on Thursday by taking steps to criminalize the denial of genocide, including the 1915 mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks, prompting Ankara to cancel all economic, political and military meetings.
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Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan said the draft law put forward by members of President Nicolas Sarkozy's ruling party was "politics based on racism, discrimination, xenophobia."
"This is using Turkophobia and Islamophobia to gain votes, and it raises concerns regarding these issues not only in France but all Europe," he told a news conference, adding that Turkey could "not remain silent in the face of this".
France had opened wounds with Turkey that would be difficult to mend, he said, adding that Sarkozy, who faces a tough reelection battle in April, was sacrificing good ties "for the sake of political calculations".
Erdogan said Turkey was canceling all economic, political and military
meetings with its NATO partner and said it would cancel permission for
French military planes to land, and warships to dock, in Turkey.Earlier in the day
, Turkish officials told Reuters their ambassador in Paris had been recalled for consultations.
Lawmakers in France's National Assembly -- the lower house of parliament
-- voted overwhelmingly in favor of the bill, which will be debated
next year in the Senate.
A French diplomatic source said Paris still considered fellow NATO member Turkey an important partner.
"I don't understand why France wants to censor my freedom of
expression," Yildiz Hamza, president of the Montargis association that
represents 700 Turkish families in France, told Reuters outside the
Earlier, about 3,000 French nationals of Turkish origin demonstrated
peacefully outside the parliament ahead of the vote, which came 32 years
to the day since a Turkish diplomat was assassinated by Armenian
militants in central Paris.
The authorities in Yerevan welcomed the vote. "By adopting this bill
(France) reconfirmed that crimes against humanity do not have a period
of prescription and their denial must be absolutely condemned,"
Armenia's Foreign Minister Edward Nalbandian saying in a statement.
France passed a law recognizing the killing of Armenians as genocide in
2001. The French lower house first passed a bill criminalising the
denial of an Armenian genocide in 2006, but it was rejected by the
Senate in May this year.
The latest draft law was made more general to outlaw the denial of any genocide, partly in the hope of appeasing Turkey.
It could still face a long passage into law, though its backers want to
see it completed before parliament is suspended at the end of February
ahead of elections in the second quarter.
National Assembly speaker Bernard Accoyer said on Wednesday that he
doubted the bill would pass by the end of the current parliament, as the
government had not made the bill priority legislation.
Armenia, backed by many historians and parliaments, says about 1.5
million Christian Armenians were killed in what is now eastern Turkey
during World War One in a deliberate policy of genocide ordered by the
Successive Turkish governments and the vast majority of Turks feel the
charge of genocide is an insult to their nation. Ankara argues that
there was heavy loss of life on both sides during fighting in the area.