The Nobel Prize Committees have honored 11 Israelis since Shmuel Yosef Agnon became the first blue-and-white laureate in 1966: 1 and 2. Arieh Warshel and Michael Levitt — awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry jointly with Martin Karplus. 3. Dan Shechtman – won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies on atoms in rigid crystals.4. Ada E. Yonath – won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her studies on the structure and function of the ribosome in cells.5. Robert Yisrael Aumann – awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in Economics for his work on conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis.6 and 7. Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko – awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their discovery with Irwin Rose of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.8. Daniel Kahneman – awarded the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics for his work in prospect theory.9 and 10. Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres – won the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize together with Yasser Arafat for the peace talks that produced the Oslo Accords.11. Menachem Begin – awarded the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize with Anwar Sadat for signing a peace treaty with Egypt.12. Shmuel Yosef Agnon – awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize in Literature for his “profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people,” as the Nobel Prize Committee put it.