The Garden Tomb: An oasis for contemplation

Sites and Insights: Many believe the Garden Tomb, just north of the Damascus Gate, to be tomb of Jesus.

By WAYNE STILES
August 13, 2012 21:46
4 minute read.
Garden Tomb

Garden Tomb 370. (photo credit: Wayne Stiles)

 
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Wayne Stiles has never recovered from his travels in the Holy Land. Follow him on Twitter (@WayneStiles) or on his blog at www.waynestiles.com.

Just north of the Damascus Gate in Jerusalem, beside a busy street and bus station, a tall rock wall encircles a garden.

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An oasis of sanctity and cessation in a city that feeds on frenzied tourists. Trade the noisy city and dirty streets for flowers, butterflies, gravel pathways, and stone steps.

It’s no wonder many believe the Garden Tomb to be the tomb of Jesus. Like the tomb described in the gospel accounts, the Garden Tomb lay outside the city walls and along a road. It is hewn out of the stone and has a rolling stone entrance. A garden surrounds it.

(Wayne Stiles)

Based on its tranquil setting, it has a lot going for it. But then there are the rest of the facts.

The Garden Tomb’s discovery

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In 1883, General Charles Gordon pointed to a rocky outcropping near an ancient tomb and noted how the recesses in the cliff resembled the eye sockets of a skull. He took it to be “the place of the skull”—the location of Jesus’ crucifixion that all four gospels mention (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17). The names “Golgotha” and “Calvary” derive from the Latin and Aramaic words for “skull.”

The New Testament doesn’t indicate whether the site looked like a skull or simply adopted on the name as a place of execution. But that didn’t matter. After Gordon’s discovery, many assumed the site authentic. Nearby in the Church of St. Stephen, ruins of a Byzantine church revealed a tombstone with the inscription: “Tomb of the deacon Nonnus Onesimus of the Holy Resurrection of Christ and of this monastery.”

(Wayne Stiles)

The Anglican Church thereafter adopted “Gordon’s Calvary” and the Garden Tomb as the authentic site of Jesus’ death and resurrection, and they raised money to purchase the plot. However, the levelheadedness of history and archaeology begged to differ—and ultimately prevailed. To their credit, the Anglican Church no longer officially holds that the Garden Tomb represents the place where Jesus lay.

Archaeology, history, and emotion

The Garden Tomb’s two hewn chambers lie adjacent to each other inside the tomb. Upon entering, the small vestibule allows room for half a dozen visitors to look right at the gated burial chamber. In spite of one prominent archaeologist's assessment that the Garden Tomb dates to the first century, the tomb actually represents a typical 7th-century BC tomb. Because of this, it couldn’t be the “new tomb” the gospels record in connection with Jesus (Matthew 27:60; John 19:41). Moreover, the Crusaders used the site as a stable (Jerome Murphy-O’Connor, The Holy Land, 141).

History and archaeology credibly point to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher as the authentic site of Jesus’ death and burial. But that doesn’t make worshipping there easy. The uninspiring atmosphere makes meditation and prayer problematic. The crowded rooms, dark spaces, spooky icons, and malodorous incense offend most westerners. What’s more, the fistfights among those who vie for power over the church offer an embarrassing witness to a watching world. Right where Jesus died for sins, Christendom transgresses and shows its need for it. How ironic—and how tragic.

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The Garden Tomb: No better place for contemplation
 

The Garden Tomb offers a much better alternative for meditation, prayer, and worship. The serene surroundings include a peaceful garden with fragrant flowers, benches for relaxation and reading, pathways for strolling and prayer, and high walls to block out the cacophony of the unsightly surrounding streets.
Visiting the garden costs nothing—nor does taking communion or keeping the souvenir wooden cup. Donations alone keep the place going. Individuals may take a self-guided tour with a brochure or join a group tour every half hour. The Garden Tomb Association guides all English-speaking visitors, but guests speaking other languages may use their own guides. Visiting groups require advance reservations.

In my many visits to the Garden Tomb, I have only had one guide tell me the tomb was the tomb of Jesus—and that visit was in 2000. Since then, each guide has expressed that although the Association makes no official claim that the tomb represents that of Jesus, “The important thing is,” they are quick to point out, “that the tomb is empty.”

I believe there is no better oasis in Jerusalem than the Garden Tomb to contemplate the the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.

Wayne Stiles has never recovered from his travels in the Holy Land. Follow him on Twitter (@WayneStiles) or on his blog at www.waynestiles.com.


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