'Hate never goes away, it only hides; and if we give hate oxygen, it can consume,' Biden said.
The universal outpouring of support after the shooting also showed American Jewish life at its best.
Beth Kissileff's husband was in the basement of the Tree of Life synagogue when the shooter entered. "I certainly feel that our lives are in God’s hands."
The city has become a symbol and pilgrimage site of a far more insidious sort: for white supremacists who see the Tree of Life gunman as an inspiration.
Two years after the attack, 23 members of the community explore different facets of the attack and the aftermath.
The ceremony also included several prayers for the souls off the deceased and for healing those who survived.
Some of the families of congregants killed will also be in attendance at the virtual ceremony.
“We are in a dangerous place in history,” Raymond Kelly warned.
The distributions were based on the recommendations of an independent committee convened by the federation that delivered its report in February.
About $5.45 million were raised from individual donors following the attack and sent directly to the Tree of Life congregation.