Israel is concerned that in a future war with Hezbollah, the Lebanese guerilla group will try to impose a sea blockade on Israel by attacking civilian cargo ships.
Israel’s sea lines of communication (SLOC) span the length of the Mediterranean and around the Magreb region of North Africa with some 99 percent of all goods arriving in the country by sea, including ammunition and military hardware.
Navy assessments are that Hezbollah will try to attack cargo ships within a 30-kilometer radius of Israel in an effort to get commercial vessels to refuse to sail there during a war.
During the Second Lebanon War in 2006, a Hezbollah-fired missile hit the INS Hanit, killing four sailors and causing extensive damage. Another missile hit and sunk a nearby cargo freighter.