Jerusalem

Jerusalem is an ancient city and capital of the State of Israel, located in the center of the country. The Palestinian Authority also lays claim to Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital.


Jerusalem is considered a holy city by major religions, chiefly Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Jerusalem is a host to many religious sites, especially within the walls of the old city. The Temple Mount is remains of the Jewish temples, and the holiest site in Judaism. Jews often pray at the Western Wall, or Kotel, a retaining wall for the Temple Mount built by Herod the Great. On the temple mount now sit the al-Aqsa and Dome of the Rock mosques, the former being the 3rd holiest site in Islam. Several chirstian sites, such as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, are important to many sects of Christianity. 


As it is the political capital of Israel, Jerusalem is home to the Israeli parliament, the Knesset. There are also ministries that have their headquarters in Jerusalem, such as the Foreign Ministry. The status of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is not recognized by all international actors. However, embassies of states such as the US reside in Jerusalem.


Jerusalem is built on several hills, and has a cooler climate than many other major cities. One of its aesthetic features is that buildings are made with Jerusalem stone, a pale white-yellow limestone.


Jerusalem has been the center of Jewish life since Davidic times. In its history, it has been conquered and destroyed dozens of times by invading armies and empires. However, there has always been a Jewish presence in Jerusalem. In late 1800 Ottoman censuses, Jews were a majority of the population of Jerusalem. However, Jerusalem was set to be an international city in initial partition plans in the late 1940s. Following the Israeli War of Independence, Jerusalem was split between east and west, with the east side being in the possession of Jordan. In 1967, Israel retook east Jerusalem, and the bulk of Jewish holy sites. In 1980, the Knesset passed the “Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel” which establishes a united Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and under complete Israeli sovereignty. 

Read More
Less

Ramat Rachel: The hilltop kibbutz that encapsulates Israel’s history

Neighborhood Corner: Perched on a hilltop, overlooking modern-day Jerusalem and Bethlehem, is the picturesque and historic kibbutz of Ramat Rachel. 

With prizes totaling NIS 130,000, the Jerusalem Grand Chess Championship to kick off in September

The event will be concluded by a massive simultaneous chess event, where 1,000 players of all ages will compete at the same time. 

Life's a Patchwork: How art and working with children enrich one woman's life

Mira Furth found fulfillment by channeling her skills to teach youngsters about art… and life

Grapevine: Civil discussion

Movers and shakers in Israeli society

Fashion brand Reserved opens flagship store in Malha Mall

In addition to women's fashion, the Jerusalem store will exclusively offer children's clothing from the global chain at accessible prices.

By YOSEFA KIMCHI
14/06/2024

Four wounded after off-duty soldier shoots in Old City incident

Magen David Adom paramedics provided all four with medical treatment and evacuated them to Shaare Zedek Medical Center. 

In a NIS 11 million investment: Dhotel in Israel Park expands

Dhotel, located within the Dcity design complex, is gaining popularity due to its proximity to event halls and conference centers.

By MEITAL SHARABI
10/06/2024

Longtime Sephardic Jerusalem cuisine restaurant ‘Ima’ catches fire on Thursday

The renowned "Ima" restaurant in Jerusalem, known for its authentic cuisine, caught fire on Thursday.

By EDDIE KATZMAN
08/06/2024

Despite Israel’s isolation, large Christian delegation sees nations embrace the Jewish state

Hundreds of Christians convened in Israel’s capital for the annual Jerusalem Prayer Breakfast, emphasizing solidarity and challenging anti-Israel sentiment

By FELICE FRIEDSON/THE MEDIA LINE , GIORGIA VALENTE/THE MEDIA LINE
06/06/2024
Subscribe for our daily newsletter
Subscribe for our daily newsletter

By subscribing I accept the terms of use and privacy policy