Archaeology (Sometimes written as archeology), is a scientific discipline devoted to the excavation, study, and preservation of the artifacts of past human life and civilization. Those who engage in the discipline are called archaeologists. 

Archaeological study is conducted on human remains, the tools they used, the structures they built and more. Archaeological study generally is done on pre-modern peoples and artifacts, in which there is little recorded history or information, and archaeology is needed to understand the subject. Artifacts are often stored in Museums, and displayed in exhibits for public viewing and education.

Carbon dating, or radiocarbon dating, is often used by archaeologists to determine the age of an item. Carbon dating can only be done to organic materials, which has carbon 14, which undergoes radioactive decay, and the amount of the isotope in the item. Carbon dating can be used to analyze materials as old as 50,000 years old.

Archaeology is of special importance in Israel, which has a long history and a connection to the bible. Digs have been able to find long lost sites mentioned by the bible and of note to identity of the Jewish people. 

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Ancient Egypt's mummification ingredients came from far-flung locales

Long before the preservation methods of today came to life, ancient Egyptians had to use unique local remedies to prepare mummies.

A 2,500-year old coffin that may contain a mummy lies at the University of Sydney in Australia

Egyptian mummy covered in golden foliage could be the oldest ever discovered

The mummy, found with three others, is thought to be one of the best-preserved and oldest discovered in Egypt.

Rare chariot fragment dating back to Iron Age discovered in Suffolk

The field team in the discovery also discovered two Iron Age puts that may have been used for watering holes for livestock.

Archaeologists stunned at ancient moat, handprints found in Jerusalem

This moat, now dry, was believed to have kept the first Crusaders from breaching the city of Jerusalem.

Marriage between cousins surprisingly common in Bronze Age Greece -study

Researchers found that people during the Bronze Age married their cousins with surprising frequency, for reasons as of yet unknown.

2,300-year-old teenage 'golden boy' mummy undergoes CT scan

Close to 50 amulets were found on the body of a 2,300-year-old teenage mummy kept in the Cairo Egyptian Museum.

Archaeologists find ancient Egyptian papyrus with the Book of the Dead

The papyrus scroll was fully restored and translated at Tahrir's Egyptian Museum and has been named the Waziri Papyrus after Mostafa Waziri.

Oldest known runestone discovered by archaeologists in Norway

The discovery was made in 2021, when researchers that were excavating an ancient burial ground near the lake, found it among one of the burial sites.

Remembering Ezra Gorodesky: Israel's 'kitchen archaeologist'

Aptly nicknamed the “Kitchen Archeologist,” Ezra Gorodesky perfected an art which he learned before making aliyah in 1961.

A mummy is seen inside the newly discovered burial site in Minya, Egypt May 13, 2017

Ancient Egyptian child discovered buried with 142 dogs, puppies

The buried dogs, 87% of which were puppies, are thought to have died as a result of flooding, according to archaeologists.

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