There is a word for violent, unprovoked attacks against innocent Jews going about their ordinary lives: pogrom.
Jews were tortured and gutted to death on meathooks in a twisted reference to shechita. The pogrom was deliberately planned and coincided with the Iron Guard rebellion.
The italicized lines are from the poem “Es Brent,” written by Mordechai Gebertig in 1936 as he watched his shtetl destroyed in a pogrom.
The Jewish vizier was crucified and thousands of Jews in the city were killed in what is widely considered to be an antisemitic pogrom marking the end of Spanish Jewry's Golden Age.
Jewish representatives from Ukraine unanimously declared that the number of Jews massacred far exceeded 100,000.
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For hundreds of years my family lived, thrived and persevered in the small Moravian town of Boskovice. And then, in one dreadful blow, they were all gone. Today there isn’t a single Jew in the town.
The voices of my brother's blood are crying out from the ground, and in the face of these voices, I am now sounding the alarm of antisemitism in Jewish communities all over the world.
The vandalism came ahead of the 80th anniversary of the Iași pogrom, a brutal Holocaust massacre that saw over 13,000 Jews murdered between June 29 and July 16, 1941.
How Yiddish writing viewed matters of race in America.