SINGAPORE - Asian stocks clawed back some lost ground on Wednesday, following a rebound in US shares, after the Federal Reserve made an unprecedented pledge to keep interest rates near zero for at least two years, stemming a global equity rout for the time being.
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In Europe, Eurostoxx 50 futures rose 1.2 percent and financial bookmakers were calling the FTSE 100 up 0.8 percent , but S&P 500 futures fell 0.2 percent , suggesting at least a pause in Wall Street's sharp rally.
"It's possible the bottom has been met but it is too early to say so," said Albert Hung, chief investment officer at Sydney-based Alleron Investment Management.
"Normally when you see this sort of movement you need another two weeks to be sure the bottom has been found."
Investors remained wary about the implication of the Fed's move -- that
it expects the US economy to remain weak far longer than previously
forecast -- and this supported demand for safe havens such as gold and
the Swiss franc.
"Volatility is calming down from an extreme level. Clearly there's going
to be considerable concerns still, but the market had gotten seriously
carried away and gone to an extreme of fear," said Greg Gibbs,
strategist at RBS in Sydney.
World stock markets had been tumbling since the start of August on fears
of a slide back into recession for the United States, reinforced by a
downgrade of the US credit rating on Friday, and the ever-expanding euro
zone debt crisis.
MSCI's all-country world stock index remained about 16 percent below its
May peak on Wednesday, after slipping as far as 20 percent, the
generally accepted definition of a bear market, on Tuesday.
Tokyo's Nikkei r ose 1.1 percent and MSCI's broadest index of Asia
Pacific shares outside Japan gained 2.9 percent , led by the materials
sector, which jumped more than 3.5 percent . The benchmark has fallen
around 12 percent in August.
Wall Street shares posted their biggest one-day gain in more than two
years on Tuesday, when the S&P 500 index leapt 4.7 percent.
"I doubt share prices will keep rising from current levels as central
banks' policies are not helping to lift the real economy, they are
simply pumping liquidity by purchasing bonds and keeping rates low,"
said Jun Fukashiro, chief fund manager at Toyota Asset management.
Australia's resource-heavy index gained 2.8 percent . Commodities such
as oil and industrial metals, whose demand is related to economic
growth, also rose.Investor confidence has been shaken
While the US downgrade from Standard & Poor's was a big symbolic
blow, investor confidence has also been shaken by data suggesting the
world's biggest economy was stalling and even second-ranked China was
There was some reassurance from China on Wednesday, with data showing
export growth accelerated in July, outpacing analysts' consensus
But whilst the numbers demonstrated that China is not dependent just on
demand from the United States, few doubt that a "double dip" in the
developed world would hit Asia.
"The economic reality is that if the US enters into a recession, then no
matter how strong growth in China is, China will be negatively
impacted," said Victor Shum, an analyst at energy consultancy Purvin and
A Reuters poll showed Wall Street economists shortening the odds on the
United States lapsing back into recession to around one-in-three,
heightening expectations the Federal Reserve may launch another round of
unconventional credit easing.'Inflation will continue, carry-trade to bounce back'
The Fed said on Tuesday that US growth was proving considerably weaker
than expected, suggesting inflation will remain contained for the
The central bank's decision on rates is likely to be good news for the
so-called carry trade, in which traders use cheap dollar loans to fund
buying riskier, higher-yielding assets.
"Once volatility eases, they should be in business until at least mid-2013," wrote Rabobank analyst Philip Marey in a report.
Against the Swiss franc, the dollar rose about 0.5 percent to around
0.7250 francs , having plunged 6 percent at one stage on Tuesday to a
record low around 0.7067.
The dollar dipped to around 76.90 yen , not far from the all-time trough of 76.15 reached in mid-March.
The euro eased a little to around $1.4345, but remained well above last week's trough around $1.4054.
Continued strength in the Swiss franc and yen keeps alive the prospect
of further intervention by the Swiss and Japanese authorities, after
both took steps to weaken their currencies last week.
Japanese government bonds rose broadly after the Fed statement pushed US Treasury yields to new lows.
Gold was steady around $1,744 an ounce, after striking the latest in a string of records around $1,778 on Tuesday.
US crude oil climbed back above $80 a barrel, rising about 3 percent to
trade around $81.65 , while London metal exchange three-month copper
rose around 2 percent, climbing back towards $9,000 a tonne.
"The Fed statement will give a boost to overall commodity markets as it
is more like injecting confidence into the markets," said Ker Chung
Yang, an analyst at Phillip Futures in Singapore. "But there are
uncertainties over US economic growth and China."