Holocaust

The Holocaust, or the Shoah, is defined by Israel's Holocaust Remembrance Center, Yad Vashem, as the "sum total of all anti-Jewish actions carried out by the Nazi regime between 1933 and 1945." Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany systematically killed at least 6 million European Jews, approximately two-thirds of Europe's pre-war Jewish population, during the Holocaust. The Nazi regime also murdered Roma, disabled, homosexuals, Slavs, Jehovah's Witnesses, political opponents and black people. Nazi regime & the rise to power The collapse of Germany's Weimar Republic, founded after the First World War, amid economic strife and political violence, saw the rise of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) under the leadership of Adolf Hitler. Despite a failed putsch in 1923, the Nazi Party became the largest party in Germany in the 1930s and Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933 by German President Paul von Hindenburg. Although Hitler had risen to power through democratic means, Nazi Germany pursued a path of institutionalized violence and political suppression, racial propaganda and persecution of non-Aryan minority groups. From April 1933, antisemitic legislation was implemented and Jews boycotted. In 1935, the Nuremberg laws were announced, excluding Jews from German citizenship and marriage with Germans, thereby institutionalizing much of the racism that was held to be important in Nazi ideology. The late 1930s saw intense antisemitic policies implemented by the Nazi regime, culminating in Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass) in November 1938, attacks on the Jews of Vienna following the annexation of Austria and mass arrests and deportations. World War II The Second World War began when Germany invaded Poland in September 1939. Shortly afterwards, German forces began the process of confining Jewish Poles in ghettos. The Nazi occupation of the USSR and eastern Poland led to the murder of many Jews, with those remaining confined to ghettos. The establishment of concentration camps, initially for "undesirables" and political opponents, was built up into a network of hundreds of concentration and extermination camps in German-occupied territory. The first extermination of prisoners at the infamous Auschwitz camp took place in September 1941. Final Solution The "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" was formulated by the Nazi leadership at the January 1942 Wannsee Conference with the goal of the annihilation of the Jewish people. Jews from across Europe were deported en masse to concentration and extermination camps and murdered by an extensive system of gas chambers, death marches and killing squads. Only 10% of Polish Jewry, who numbered over 3 million before the war, survived the Holocaust. Although there is no exact figure for the number of Jews murdered in the Holocaust, the number of victims was approximately six million. Post-Holocaust The horrors of the Holocaust were only fully understood with the liberation of the camps by Allied soldiers. Refusing or unable to return to their countries of origin, many survivors remained in Displaced Person's camps in Germany, Austria and Italy. The British refused to permit survivors to emigrate to Palestine, and it was therefore only in 1948 that the newly-established State of Israel absorbed many of the displaced survivors. Others made Western countries their new home. Sadly, the number of Holocaust survivors that remain alive and able to recount first-hand their experiences of the horrors of persecution are dwindling all the time. International Holocaust Memorial Day is commemorated annually on 27 January. The day remembers the six million Jews murdered and the millions of people killed in Nazi persecution and subsequent genocides across the world.
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Joseph Kleinman, a 90-year-old holocaust survivor who survived Auschwitz and Dachau Nazi death camp

Ex-Auschwitz prisoner cannot sue publisher in Poland, says EU top court

A former prisoner of the Auschwitz death camp set up in Poland by Nazi Germany cannot sue a German publisher in Polish courts over use of the phrase "Polish extermination camp."

By REUTERS
17/06/2021
The couples' wedding in the hotel.

New memoir paves way for Holocaust survivor's stories

The Wagamama Bride by Liane Grunberg Wakabayashi debuts a personal tale whine shining a light on a Holocaust survivor's story.

German soldiers dismissed from service for singing antisemitic songs

The soldiers were in Lithuania as part of NATO's Enhanced Forward Presence mission providing protection to Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia by deterring Russia.

By REUTERS
16/06/2021
KYIV 2020: Babyn Yar today

Ukraine to hold state event for 80th anniversary of Babyn Yar Massacre

Babyn Yar in Ukraine is Europe's largest mass grave; an estimated 100,000 people were killed and left to die there by the Nazis.

Jewish orgs. slam Arizona using Zyklon B gas chamber on death row inmates

"We're basically saying what the Nazis did was OK," said Phoenix Holocaust Association vice president Janice Friebaum.

Marjorie Taylor Greene tours Holocaust museum, apologizes for comments

Last month, Greene compared a supermarket’s decision to add a logo to the badges of vaccinated workers to the yellow stars that Jews were forced to wear in Nazi-occupied Europe.

By RON KAMPEAS/JTA
15/06/2021

Fight antisemitism: 'Never again' must be backed by actions - opinion

Adoption of the IHRA’s definition of antisemitism is an important step to fighting Jew-hatred and preventing violence

From Nazi Germany to Shanghai to California, a story of Jewish success

Heinz Meyer fled Nazi Germany, and struggled his way to success through China, before establishing himself in the United States.

By FRANCOISE OUZAN
10/06/2021

Lithuanians still coming to grips with slaughter of Jews 80 years ago

Lithuania was beautiful to visit. I was, however, overwhelmed with sadness. Like most South African Jews, my ancestors came from Lithuania and my family tree has family who perished in the Holocaust.

By DAVID SOLLY SANDLER
10/06/2021
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