Thousands of Palestinians flocked to the compound on Thursday after controversial metal detectors and security cameras at the site were removed.
Muslim leaders encourage worship at the holy al-Aksa compound.
Education Minister Naftali Bennett and Labor Party leader Avi Gabbay condemned the decision.
Despite removing the controversial metal detectors, Muslim worshipers - at the urging of their religious leaders - are still praying outside the gates of the compound.
One of the reasons why the Temple Mount has caused so much tension is that it has become common for provocateurs to exploit holy sites.
Despite removal of metal detectors large numbers of Muslims gather outside Temple Mount gates to protest Israel's policies and say cameras and other Israeli actions must change.
Lessons from the last two tumultuous weeks.
The metal detectors fast became a symbol to Palestinians of Israeli control of the Temple Mount
When asked whether the metal detectors should have been placed on the Mount in the first place, 68% said yes, 23% no, and 9% said they did not know.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan issued a blistering attack on Israel at a meeting in Turkey’s Parliament of his AKP Party.