recep tayyip erdogan

Recep Tayyip Erdogan is the incumbent President of Turkey. Erdogan assumed office on 28 August, 2014, succeeding former president Abdullah Gul. Prior to becoming president, Erdogan held the office of Prime Minister of Turkey from 2003 to 2014. He was Mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998. Foreign policy as prime minister Under Erdogan, Turkey began negotiations in October 2005 to accede to the European Union. These came to a standstill, however, in 2009 and 2010 when Turkish ports refused to allow access to Cypriot ships. Turkey does not recognize the Republic of Cyprus. In addition, Turkish-Greek relations were normalized during Erdogan's time as prime minister. Israel-Turkey relations initially peaked during Erdogan's leadership, with the Turkish leader visiting Israel in May 2005, pledging to boost economic ties and offering to serve as a mediator in the peace process. In 2007, Israeli President Shimon Peres became the first Israeli leader to address the Turkish parliament. Relations severely deteriorated following the 2008-09 Gaza War, known as Operation Cast Lead, with Erdogan storming out of a panel with Shimon Peres at the 2009 World Economic Forum. In 2010, relations hit a low point following Israel's naval interception of a Gaza-bound flotilla resulting in the death of 10 activists and the wounding of 10 Israeli commandos. Erdogan was vocal in his condemnation, describing the raid as "state terrorism." Presidency Erdogan was chosen as the Turkish AKP party's presidential candidate in the 2014 Turkish elections. He was elected as president in the first round of voting with 51.79% of the vote. One of the major issues during Erdogan's presidency has been Turkey's proximity to and involvement in the battle against ISIS and Kurdish forces in Syria. Under Erdogan, Turkey has been attacking both Kurdish fighters of the Popular Protection Units (YPG) and ISIS forces in Syria. The YPG, backed by the US, have played an important role in fighting ISIS but are considered a threat by Turkey. Ankara considers the YPG to be part of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), a Turkish-Kurdish rebel group seeking independence for several decades. Turkey has waged war against ISIS forces in Syria and has launched mass arrests on Turkish soil to counter ISIS-affiliated groups. Since his election as president, Erdogan has also planned to considerably increase the powers of the presidential office and increase the presence of Islam in Turkish life, overturning decades of state secularism implemented by Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Failed coup d'état The Turkish military attempted on 15 July 2016 to remove Erdogan from power in an alleged coup d'état. The attempt was put down by the following day without a government official being harmed. Erdogan declared a state of emergency on 20 July in response to the military's actions. This has resulted in mass arrests, limits on the press and internet filtering. On 16 April 2017, Turkey held a constitutional referendum converting the existing Turkish parliamentary system into an executive presidential republic. The constitutional changes were approved by a small margin, granting Erdogan sweeping new powers. Although Erdogan demanded the world accept the results of the referendum, it is likely to distance the European Union from Turkey. Turkey and Israel Prior to Donald Trump's recognition that Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel, Erdogan declared that the city was a "red line for Muslims" and threatened to sever ties with Israel. "I am not used to receiving lectures about morality from a leader who bombs Kurdish villagers in his native Turkey, who jails journalists, who helps Iran get around international sanctions," Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu responded. Although Turkey was the first Muslim country to recognize the Israeli state in 1948, relations between the two countries have been fraught in recent years. Economic ties have steadily grown in recent years amid a diplomatic rapprochement, providing room for optimism after years of tension following Operation Cast Lead and the raid on the Gaza flotilla.
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Turkey and Israel – are we to be friends? - opinion

For the past 13 years relations between Turkey and Israel have been – to say the least – rancorous.

Turkish ruling party wants to improve Israel ties after presidents' call

Celik singled out the Palestinians as one of many issues Turkey wants to discuss with Israel, adding that areas such as tourism and trade should be a "win-win" for both nations.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan attends a meeting of his ruling AK Party via video link in Ankara,

Israel should be wary of Turkey's gifts - comment

Does Erdogan want to warm up ties with Israel or throw ice-cold water on them? Regardless, who would buy a used car from someone whose comments were so contradictory?


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All of Turkey's reconciliation talk with Israel wasn't entirely genuine, but the 40-minute phone call between Erdogan and Herzog was real and very symbolic.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan attends a meeting of his ruling AK Party via video link in Ankara,

Turkey is radicalizing extremists to attack Kurdish women

Women have become key targets of Turkey’s extremist government in recent years, videos increasingly showing violence against women in the streets of cities, including women being beaten by men.

Erdoğan’s first meeting with Biden ends with no agreements

Oner said Erdoğan is hoping to show that he is still working with Biden and is not fully aligned with Russian President Vladimir Putin.


Did Turkey conduct illegal rendition of “terrorist” abroad

It is not the first time Turkey sent agents to abduct someone they accuse of terrorism. What laws enable Turkey to do so remains unclear.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan attends a meeting of his ruling AK Party via video link in Ankara,

Turkey’s anti-Israel obsession reaches new heights

Among the recent statements include a demand by Turkey to separate Jerusalem from Israel.

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Turkey opens re-trial of Kavala, 15 others over 2013 Gezi protests

Kavala and eight others accused of organizing the Gezi Park protests, which began in Istanbul, were acquitted of all charges in February 2020 but an appeals court overturned that ruling in January.


Turkey's Erdogan says UN must act to halt Gaza conflict

Erdogan said he had discussed the conflict with the leaders or governments of 19 countries.

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