Hezbollah

Hezbollah is a radical Shiite militant group based in Lebanon, headed by Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah, that has been waging a guerilla campaign against Israel since the 1980s. The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United States, Israel, Canada, the Arab League and the Gulf Cooperation Council. Its military wing is designated by the United Kingdom, Australia and the European Union. One of Hezbollah's key goals is the elimination of the State of Israel and the group has found itself in regular conflict with Israel since 1982, including during the First Lebanon War and the 2006 Lebanon War. The First Lebanon War, otherwise known as the South Lebanon conflict, started in 1985 and ended with Israeli withdrawal in 2000. 559 Israeli soldiers were killed and 840 wounded during the conflict and more than 1,200 Hezbollah militants were killed and approximately 1,000 wounded. The 2006 Lebanon War began on 12 July 2006 when Hezbollah militants launched a cross-border attack on Israeli troops, killing three and kidnapping two IDF soldiers. The five-week conflict saw 121 IDF soldiers killed and 1,244 wounded. 44 Israeli civilians were killed during the war as a result of Hezbollah rocket and mortar fire. Israel claims that between 600 and 800 Hezbollah militants were killed during the conflict, in addition to at least 1,000 Lebanese and foreign civilians. The remains of the two seized Israeli soldiers, whose fates were unknown, were returned to Israel as part of a prisoner exchange in July 2008. Hezbollah has also planned and carried out major terrorist attacks on Israeli citizens and infrastructure outside of Israel. In 2012, five Israeli citizens were killed in a bus bombing attack in Burgas, Bulgaria. More recently, Hezbollah has played a key role in the Syrian Civil War alongside the Syrian government led by Bashar al-Assad, committing thousands of fighters to operations led by the Syrian army. Its role in the Syrian Civil War has increased sectarian tensions in Lebanon, with members being targeted by Sunni militants in the country. Hezbollah has close relations with Iran, often being described as an Iranian proxy group. Reports suggest that Hezbollah has been the recipient of Iranian weaponry, including missiles capable of striking many of Israel’s key population centers. Thousands of Hezbollah’s militants have undergone training in Iran on a variety of warfare types. Hezbollah also receives considerable financial and political support from Iran. Some estimate that Iran receives approximately $200 million in Iranian aid annually. It is believed that Hezbollah widely fundraises and money launders through global drug networks to finance its operations. The group is one of two main parties politically representing Lebanon’s Shiite Muslim community, alongside the Amal Movement, in the Parliament of Lebanon. Hezbollah currently holds 14 of the 128 seats in the parliament, forming part of the Resistance and Development Bloc. Parliamentary elections are set to take place in May 2018. The group's manifesto since inception has preached for the elimination of the State of Israel. The organization is responsible, among other things, for the 1994 AMIA bombing of a Jewish cultural center in Argentina, the 2012 Burgas bus bombing against Israeli citizens, and for the kidnapping of several Israeli soldiers.

The Hezbollah flag
Hezbollah: A systematic violator of international law

The growing menace of Hezbollah must be tackled, not merely for the sake of Lebanon’s neighbors, including Israel, but for the sake of the Lebanese themselves.

By ELI BAR-ON
19/10/2020
A Lebanese Hezbollah guerrilla looks at a fire rising from a burning object in a Beirut suburb, Leba
Bill introduced to Congress aims to stop Hezbollah money laundering

The bill, if passed, would instruct the president to designate areas under Hezbollah control as "primary money laundering concerns."

Hezbollah, Amal criticize Lebanon team for border talks with Israel

Formally still at war after decades of conflict, Lebanon and Israel agreed to launch talks via US mediation over a maritime border running through potentially gas-rich Mediterranean waters.

By REUTERS
14/10/2020
IDF Yahalom unit trains in Jordan valley
IDF Special Forces carry out covert operation, destroy two Syrian outposts

The operation was carried out following Syria's continued violation of the disengagement agreement with Israel since 1974. "We won't allow southern Syria to become southern Lebanon."

People and members of the Lebanese army gather near the site of an explosion in the village of Ain Q
Lebanese NGO acted as Hezbollah front, storing arms which exploded

The arms depot in south Lebanon exploded on September 22 in a residential area, injuring a number of people and killing one Hezbollah operative.

People gather as rescuers evacuate people from their buildings after a fuel tank exploded in the al-
At least four dead, many injured as another blast rocks Beirut

Video shows significant damage to the surrounding area with debris scattered in the streets, and many people once again feared to be trapped under the rubble.

By LEON SVERDLOV
10/10/2020
Does the UN deserve another 75 years?

I was determined to begin my tour of duty as Israel’s permanent representative to the international organization with an open mind.

04/10/2020
The Israeli media war with Hezbollah - analysis

Hezbollah reads Israeli media and its media even quotes Israeli accounts to boost their own perception of events.

IDF reveals additional intelligence on Hezbollah sites in Beirut

Footage filmed inside the Jnah location shows tools and equipment needed to produce precision missiles

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