Gaza

The Gaza Strip, often referred to simply as Gaza, is a small coastal territory in the Southern Levant that is north of Egypt's Sinai, East of the Mediterranean Sea, and South-West of Israel. 

The long-standing ruler of the Gaza Strip is Hamas, which is recognized as a terrorist organization by most Western states and international governmental organizations. Under Hamas, Gaza has been in a state of conflict with Israel. Several other terrorist organizations reside in Gaza and take part in the hostilities, including the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, the Al-Aqsa Martyr's Brigade, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, ISIS offshoots and others. 

Gaza is home to 1.5 million Palestinians, largely Sunni Muslim, some who identify as refugees or descendants of refugees from territory now belonging to Israel. Gaza has a very young population, but is very impoverished due to mismanagement, corruption, conflict, and the redirection of taxes and financial aid to warfare. 

Due to the conflict between Gaza and Israel, the territory has been under blockade since 2007, though it shares one border and crossing, Rafah, with Egypt. A significant amount of smuggling occurs on this border, often through tunnels.

Gaza is surrounded by defensive structures created by the Israel Defense Forces to counter Gazan terrorist attacks. This includes a sensor fence that rings the perimeter, an underground barrier to prevent and detect tunneling, and a naval barrier to prevent naval frogman infiltration.

Rockets fired from Gaza have presented a major strategic challenge to Israel. Military infrastructure runs through Gaza's cities, including rocket infrastructure. Launch sites, munitions storage, command & control centers, bunkers and more can be found throughout Gaza, much of it underground. In the past, Hamas leaders have claimed that 500 kilometers of tunnel systems are laced throughout the Strip. 

Gaza was part of the British Mandate after the territory was relinquished by the UK from the Ottoman Empire after World War I. After the Mandate dissolved, it was seized during Israel's War of Independence by Egypt, and ruled by the Egyptian puppet All-Palestine Government. During the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel captured the territory, and it was not returned along with other Egyptian holdings after the two made peace in the 1970s. 21 Israeli settlements were established within Gaza, but in 2005, Israel unilaterally withdrew from the Strip. In 2006, the Palestinians held legislative elections, but when Hamas won, there was a civil war, and Hamas seized full control of Gaza.

 From the disengagement onwards, Hamas and other terrorist organizations increased terrorist attacks against Israelis, and several operations have been fought to quell Gazan attacks, including 2008's Cast Lead, 2011's Pillar of Defense, 2014's Protective Edge, and 2021's Guardian of the Walls.

Read More
Less

IDF announces that hostage Amit Buskila has been found dead in Gaza

Buskila was kidnapped from the Nova Music Festival on October 7 while she was on the phone with her uncle.

  Israelis seen in Tel Aviv on October 6, 2023

Memories of October 6: What were Israelis doing before Hamas attacked?

The following vignettes are among many that were compiled from civilians, soldiers, religious community leaders, and reporters working on The Jerusalem Post’s Breaking News desk that day.

Biden committed political self-assassination with Israel aid decision - opinion

For America’s enemies it’s a shot in the arm, for America’s interests it’s a shot in the foot, and for Biden’s leadership it’s a shot in the head.

Aid delivery begins in Gaza through US military pier

The UN World Food Programme will have a handful of staff stationed near the pier to coordinate distribution of the aid - using contractors - throughout Gaza, said a UN official said.

Top US Nazi hunter tells ‘Post’: Israel is obligated to stop Hamas's genocide

“The treaty obligates all signatory nations not just not to commit genocide, but to prevent it,” said Rosenbaum.

Israel-Hamas War Day 224: What happened at the ICJ, Gaza, Lebanon?

US moves forward with Gaza pier • Rockets fired at northern Israel

Notes from the Gaza border - 7 months on

Reporter's notebook: People here are still on edge and they wonder whether Israel will defeat Hamas. The promises of the war have not been fulfilled.

 Defense Minister Yoav Gallant attends a Memorial Day ceremony in Tel Aviv on May 13, 2024

Gallant: Rafah is about cutting off Hamas's faucet to weapons; Op. will get much larger

Defense Minister Gallant vows to cut off Hamas's rearming ability in Rafah. Despite progress, Hamas still launches rockets, challenging IDF's assertion of dismantling Hamas's military.

Jewish students sue Haverford College for creating a hostile environment

Lawsuit filed against Haverford College claims violation of Jewish students' civil rights, alleging hostility, double standards, and failure to address antisemitic behavior.

Arab leaders meet in Bahrain for summit regarding Gaza and regional development

Arab League summit convenes in Bahrain to address the Gaza conflict and regional integration. Concerns arise over Israel's isolation amid shifting alliances and diplomatic challenges.

Subscribe for our daily newsletter
Subscribe for our daily newsletter

By subscribing I accept the terms of use and privacy policy